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Ministry of Education: tackling zero carbon non electric energy technologies such as hydrogen produc

2021-08-19 15:34:03

Recently, the Ministry of Education issued a notice on the action plan for carbon neutralization scientific and technological innovation in Colleges and universities, proposing actions to improve the quality of carbon neutralization talent training, breakthroughs in carbon neutralization basic research, key technologies of carbon neutralization, improvement of carbon neutralization innovation ability, transformation of carbon neutralization scientific and technological achievements, international cooperation and exchange of carbon neutralization Seven actions, including carbon neutralization strategy research and innovation action, are designed to provide scientific and technological support and talent guarantee for realizing the goal of carbon neutralization. It is mentioned that the development of zero carbon non electric energy technologies such as renewable energy / resource hydrogen production, hydrogen storage, hydrogen transportation and hydrogen use technologies and low-grade waste heat utilization should be regarded as one of the key technologies for carbon neutralization.

The original text is as follows:

Action plan for carbon neutral scientific and technological innovation in Colleges and Universities

China's efforts to achieve carbon peak by 2030 and carbon neutralization by 2060 are a major strategic decision made by the Party Central Committee after careful consideration, which is related to the sustainable development of the Chinese nation and the construction of a community with a shared future for mankind. In order to implement the major strategic deployment of the CPC Central Committee and the State Council, guide colleges and universities to better combine the development of science and technology as the first productive force, the cultivation of talents as the first resource and the enhancement of innovation as the first driving force, and provide scientific and technological support and talent guarantee for carbon peak and carbon neutralization, this bank has formulated an action plan.

1、 Overall objectives

Short term goals. In 3-5 years, build a number of scientific and technological innovation platforms in the field of carbon neutralization in Colleges and universities, gather a number of high-level innovation teams, constantly adjust and optimize the construction of carbon neutralization related majors and disciplines, promote the continuous improvement of talent training quality, and achieve new breakthroughs in basic theoretical research and key common technologies in the field of carbon neutralization.

Medium term objectives. Through 5-10 years of continuous support and construction, several universities have taken the lead in building world-class disciplines and specialties related to carbon neutralization, and a number of original theoretical research and key core technologies of carbon neutralization have reached the world leading level, laying a solid foundation for realizing carbon neutralization.

Long term goals. Based on the goal of carbon neutralization, build a number of top disciplines leading the basic research of carbon neutralization in the world, create a number of original innovation highlands of carbon neutralization, form a strategic scientific and technological force of carbon neutralization, and provide sufficient scientific and technological support and talent guarantee for China's realization of energy carbon neutralization, resource carbon neutralization and information carbon neutralization.

2、 Main initiatives

1. Carbon neutral talent training and quality improvement action

Promote the construction of carbon neutral future technology college and demonstration energy college, arrange a number of science and education resources and digital resource platforms suitable for future technology research, and create a teaching and scientific research highland leading future scientific and Technological Development and effectively cultivating compound and innovative talents. Increase support for the construction of new engineering disciplines, encourage universities, scientific research institutes and backbone enterprises to jointly set up carbon neutralization professional and technical personnel training projects, and cooperate to train high-level carbon neutralization innovative talents in various fields and industries.

Strengthen the in-depth integration with cutting-edge directions such as artificial intelligence, Internet and quantum technology, and promote the construction of cross disciplines and specialties related to carbon neutralization. Accelerate the integration and development with philosophy, economics, management, sociology and other disciplines, and cultivate professionals in carbon accounting, carbon trading and international climate change negotiation. Accelerate the formulation of talent training programs in the field of carbon neutralization, build a number of national first-class undergraduate majors related to carbon neutralization, strengthen the construction of teaching materials related to energy carbon neutralization, resource carbon neutralization and information carbon neutralization, encourage colleges and universities to set up general courses of carbon neutralization, and integrate the concept and practice of carbon neutralization into the talent training system.

2. Breakthrough in basic research on carbon neutralization

Focusing on key technological innovation needs such as zero carbon energy, zero carbon raw material / fuel and process substitution, carbon dioxide capture / utilization / storage, integrated coupling and optimization technology, carry out research on the principles of new technologies for carbon emission reduction, zero carbon emission and negative carbon emission. Strengthen the research on mechanisms such as greenhouse gas emission monitoring and emission reduction assessment, ecosystem security under climate change - major risk identification and human activity adaptation mechanism, realization mechanism of synergy of pollution and carbon reduction, optimization of decarbonization path, digitization and low-carbon integration. This paper systematically reveals the pattern and process mechanism of marine and land carbon sinks and the mutual feeding mechanism with the climate system, and expounds the carbon sink theories such as the carbon sequestration efficiency of geological carbon sequestration, sink increasing potential and management mode.

3. Key technologies of carbon neutralization

Accelerate the tackling of key technologies for carbon emission reduction. Carry out technological innovation around the green development of fossil energy, low-carbon utilization, pollution reduction and carbon reduction, and focus on strengthening the development of key technologies for source emission reduction, such as multi energy complementary coupling, low-carbon building materials, low-carbon industrial raw materials and low fluorine-containing raw materials; Strengthen the development of key technologies for process emission reduction, such as the integration and coupling of whole industry chain / cross industry low-carbon technologies, low-carbon industrial process reengineering and efficiency improvement in key areas; Strengthen the development of key technologies for end of pipe emission reduction, such as coordination of pollution reduction and carbon reduction, collaborative governance and ecological cycle, carbon dioxide capture / transportation / storage and non-carbon dioxide greenhouse gas emission reduction.

Accelerate the research on Key Technologies of carbon zero emission. Develop new zero carbon power technologies such as solar energy, wind energy, geothermal energy, marine energy, biomass energy and nuclear energy, as well as energy storage technologies such as mechanical energy, thermochemistry and electrochemistry, and strengthen the research on advanced energy Internet technologies such as high-proportion renewable energy grid connection, UHV transmission, new DC distribution and distributed energy. Develop zero carbon non electric energy technologies such as hydrogen production, hydrogen storage, hydrogen transportation and hydrogen consumption technologies from renewable energy / resources and low-grade waste heat utilization. Develop zero carbon raw material / fuel substitution technologies such as biomass utilization, ammonia energy utilization, waste recycling, non fluorine gas utilization and energy recovery. Develop zero carbon industrial process reengineering technology in key industries such as iron and steel, chemical industry, building materials, petrochemical and nonferrous metals.

We will accelerate the tackling of key technologies for negative carbon emission. Strengthen carbon dioxide geological utilization, efficient conversion of carbon dioxide into fuel chemicals, direct air carbon dioxide capture, biochar soil improvement and other carbon negative emission technology innovation; Study the synergistic relationship between carbon negative emission technology and climate change mitigation and adaptation, and lead the construction of an ecologically safe negative emission technology system; Tackle the core difficulties of carbon sequestration technology, strengthen the upgrading of carbon sequestration technology in forests, grasslands, wetlands, oceans, soils and permafrost, and improve the carbon sink of ecosystem.

4. Carbon neutralization innovation capability improvement action

Optimize the layout of a number of key laboratories and engineering research centers of the Ministry of education in the field of carbon neutralization, and carry out basic research and key technology research on carbon neutralization application; Build a number of cutting-edge scientific centers in the field of carbon neutralization, and explore common scientific issues of key technologies such as carbon emission reduction, carbon zero emission and carbon negative emission; Build a large platform for integrating key core technologies in the field of carbon neutralization, and carry out the whole chain research from basic research, technological innovation to industrialization. Strengthen the cultivation of national carbon neutralization innovation platforms such as national key laboratories, national technological innovation centers and national engineering research centers, establish a number of research teams, continue to carry out key core technology research, and build a number of strategic scientific and technological forces for carbon neutralization technology innovation.

5. Carbon neutralization and transformation of scientific and technological achievements

Support universities and joint science and technology enterprises to establish technology R & D centers, industrial research institutes, pilot test bases, industry education integration and innovation platforms, actively participate in the construction of innovation consortia, promote the integration, coupling and comprehensive optimization of cross industry, cross field and cross regional carbon neutralization key technologies, accelerate the deep integration of innovation chain and industrial chain, and promote the deep decarbonization of energy, industrial green manufacturing Non carbon dioxide emission reduction in agriculture and low-carbon development in key areas such as construction and transportation. We will continue to deepen University local cooperation, support colleges and universities to jointly build a number of provincial and ministerial collaborative innovation centers and modern industrial colleges in the field of carbon neutralization, build a full chain innovation network for the development of carbon neutralization technology, and support the construction of a number of green and low-carbon demonstration enterprises, demonstration parks, demonstration communities and demonstration cities (clusters).

6. Carbon neutral international cooperation and exchange action

Promote cooperation and exchanges with world-class universities and academic institutions, and carry out joint training and scientific research of high-level talents in carbon neutral science and technology; Build a number of innovation and talent introduction bases in the field of carbon neutralization in Colleges and universities, and vigorously attract and gather overseas high-level talents to participate in the discipline construction and scientific research of carbon neutralization in China; In the national study abroad fund program, support personnel training and relevant academic and scientific research exchanges in the field of carbon neutralization. One belt, one road, is to support the International Conference and forum on carbon neutral in universities. We should actively strengthen international cooperation in tackling climate change, promote the establishment of international rules and standards, and work together to create a green "one belt" road. Support the construction of an international scientific and technological cooperation and innovation platform for carbon neutralization, and Promote Colleges and universities to participate in big science programs and big science projects in the field of international carbon neutralization.

7. Carbon neutralization strategy research and innovative action

Build a carbon neutralization strategy research base, build a carbon neutralization high-end think tank, organize colleges and universities to strengthen carbon neutralization strategy research, and provide decision support for China's carbon neutralization work. Focus on the basic connotation, realization path and main route of carbon neutralization, and the impact relationship between carbon neutralization and the development of energy, industry and economic system; Deeply analyze the main obstacles and transformation costs to achieve carbon neutrality in key industries such as electric power, iron and steel, building materials and petrochemical and key fields such as energy, construction and transportation; Study the ways to realize carbon neutralization in key industries by using information technology and the low-carbon development model of information and communication industry; Study the correlation mechanism between the spatial layout of key industries and the realization of carbon neutralization goal; Carry out research on carbon neutral oriented National Climate Governance System and international climate cooperation, and form a multi-dimensional innovation strategy support system of technology, industry, field, region and international.

3、 Organization and Implementation

1. Strengthen top-level design. The Ministry of education established a carbon neutral scientific and technological innovation expert group to guide and coordinate the implementation of the action plan; Relevant departments and bureaus actively study and promote the implementation of specific tasks. Provincial (district and municipal) education authorities and colleges and universities should take serving the major strategic deployment of national carbon neutralization as the goal, coordinate various resources, strengthen exploration, and support discipline construction, talent training, technological innovation and international cooperation in the field of carbon neutralization.

2. Optimize resource allocation. Support colleges and universities to undertake or participate in major national scientific and technological tasks in the field of carbon neutralization, cultivate national, provincial and ministerial innovation platforms, build a carbon neutralization industry education integration consortium, comprehensively strengthen the training of high-level talents, and provide urgently needed professionals for the innovation and development of carbon neutralization technology. In the selection of national talents, we will strengthen the tilt to outstanding talents in the field of carbon neutralization.

3. Strengthen publicity and promotion. Through various forms of popular science activities, guide people at all levels to practice the new way of green consumption and low-carbon life, and create a new fashion of green and low-carbon life. Leading cadres in Colleges and universities should strengthen the study of carbon neutralization related knowledge, enhance the ability to pay close attention to green and low-carbon development, and promote the construction of green campus.